Following the process a case takes through the criminal justice system can be confusing. An excellent resource to understanding the process is available on the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Service's website.
There are many people available to help you along the way. If you chose not to report the crime to the police, Parallel Justice is still available to assist you, but you will not be able to access the legal protections criminal court can provide to victims.
Even if a perpetrator is never caught, you may still qualify for assistance through victims compensation for victims of violent crimes. If an offender is caught and a charge is brought against them, your case will enter the criminal justice system, and you will have access to the State's Attorney Victims' Advocate to help guide you through what happens. You can also access the Vermont Automated Notification System to see if the perpetrator is incarcerated or under supervision by the Department of Corrections. If the person is convicted, you may be able to get restitution.